How to teach yearbook

by Christina Vettraino
Posted in: Fall 2008, Staff Management

Learn how to acquire yearbook expertise and teach yearbook as an academic subject.

You are probably thinking this right now: You want me to actually teach yearbook? As if I didn’t have enough going on already — surly parents calling to complain, administrators wanting to “check” the yearbook spreads, computers that constantly crash, and a digital camera that now gives an error message whenever we need it most. The handouts from the last adviser seem to work just fine. Besides, I barely have time to get the yearbook done, let alone update the materials and try to teach the kids anything about yearbook or journalism.

However, consider the following: how much time do you waste writing the same corrections on every spread? How many deadlines do you find yourself doing the work for the kids, because you do not trust them or because they have not learned how to properly use the software?

By neglecting to set standards or teach your yearbook students what they are expected to do, you simply create more work and anxiety for yourself. If you were a math teacher, you would not expect the kids to read the textbook and teach themselves about algorithms, right? Or, if you taught history, you would not stop at the Vietnam War, just because you did not have time to update your lesson plans. The same principles should apply to teaching yearbook.

With yearbook production, there is never a quick fix: the solution I recommend means more work for you at the start, but as time goes on, you will undoubtedly reap the benefits. Make time to teach your new staffers about design, writing and photography, as well as how to use the computer programs and cameras.

For the past five years, I have spent a month teaching my new staffers the yearbook basics; as a result, my workload has gradually decreased to the point where I barely find any corrections on my students’ final layouts, because the editors, knowing my expectations, have done all the editing themselves.

For this to happen at your school, you must educate yourself about yearbook and then devote time at the beginning of the year to thoroughly train your staff — it will make your job much easier in the long run, and it will transform your yearbook into a professional, eye-catching publication.

Where can I learn what to include in a yearbook curriculum?
You might be surprised to learn that there are specific, regimented rules for yearbook design, writing and photography that you need to be acquainted with and follow. At the same time, you must know that the award-winning yearbooks emulate magazines, which means that yearbook design, writing, and photography trends evolve with the changes seen in periodicals. In other words, a yearbook curriculum should not only teach the concrete rules of journalism and yearbook production, but also should challenge students to break the rules and innovate.

Whether you are a new teacher with no journalism background or a veteran teacher looking to augment your yearbook knowledge, your best bet is to first contact your local scholastic journalism association. The Journalism Education Association (JEA) offers a list of associations by state on its website at jea.org/resources/proorgz/stateassns.html. Often, a college of journalism runs your state association; look to see if it offers week-long summer courses for yearbook advisers. Taking a course is the absolute best way to boost your yearbook knowledge and learn new yearbook teaching methods.

The next step would be to attend local and national journalism conferences. Statewide associations normally set up conferences where advisers and students attend seminars with topics ranging from the basics of yearbook production to improving photography to yearbook trend reports. Similarly, national conventions, sponsored by JEA and the National Scholastic Press Association, at studentpress.org/nspa, or by the Columbia Scholastic Press Association, at columbia.edu/cu/cspa, bring together thousands of students and advisers from across the country to learn from the talented, award-winning yearbook advisers who present there.

If you cannot take a course or get to a conference, the easiest way to teach yourself would be to study The Yearbook Suite, which is the yearbook curriculum guide offered by Walsworth Publishing Company. The Yearbook Suite is an invaluable resource that covers everything you need to know about yearbooks and even offers CDs with handouts, activities and assessments.

Take some time on deadline nights when you are waiting for the kids to finish their spreads to peruse this resource and the others on the recommended reading list.

What materials do I need?
Unfortunately, there are no yearbook textbooks. In place of a textbook, I give my new students a binder of handouts that I have either created or copied from another source, and I update this binder yearly with new handouts and better resources. Here are some places to find material for your binder:

* Conference handouts
* Anything from The Yearbook Suite
* Articles from Communication: Journalism Education Today (published by JEA) and Idea File magazine, published by Walsworth
* Pages from books on photography, writing, or design
* Award-winning yearbooks (photocopy their layouts and body copy to use as examples)

If you plan on teaching your students graphic design, you will also need to order paste-up layout sheets and pica rulers from your Walsworth yearbook sales representative.

What should I teach my staff?
At the minimum, new students need to learn how to use your desktop publishing program or online program and the cameras. If you have two weeks, devote one week to teaching photography and another to writing copy. With even more time available, add in lessons on creating yearbook designs by hand using the pasteup layouts, and then have them make the same layouts using your computer software. Determine what you think is important to cover, and find or make handouts to fill the binder and use in your lesson plans.

No idea how to start? I have a 30-day unit plan that I use to teach my staff the yearbook basics. Alter the plan as necessary to fit your beginning-of-the-year schedule and the needs of your staff!

During this unit, students are working on homework or a project every night, and they even take a test at the end. Each project has a specific rubric that I use for assessment of student progress. It is a whirlwind month for them, and also for me, but by setting high expectations at the beginning, I effectively prove to my staffers that yearbook is not a “blow-off” class as they assumed.

Why should I do all of this? It is a lot of work!
When you treat yearbook as an academic subject, students will take it seriously. Yes, it is a lot of work at the beginning, and yes, it will take up much of your time, but when you start winning awards and when students and parents praise the yearbook instead of criticize, you will know that it was worth it.

Do not expect to become a yearbook expert at once; by continually challenging yourself to take classes, read the journalism magazines, and attend conferences, you will gradually build up your yearbook knowledge and confidence.

30-day Unit Plan

Week 1: Introductions and basic design

Day 1: Icebreakers
Day 2: Notes on basic yearbook terminology
Day 3: Examine popular magazines to determine what is “good” graphic design; Homework: Find a double-page spread from a magazine and write a paragraph describing why it is good design.
Day 4: Share homework; learn four-column design; Homework: Create pencil 4-column design

Week 2-3: Designing layouts

Day 5: Learn grid design; Homework: Create pencil grid design
Day 6: Learn modular design; Homework: Create pencil modular design
Day 7: Learn about fonts; start paste-up project (students find pictures and text from magazines to create dummy layouts)
Day 8: Work on paste-up in class
Day 9: Paste-up due; share designs with class for critiques
Day 10: Learn how to use InDesign
Day 11-13: Work on InDesign project (students recreate their paste-up using InDesign, placing dummy copy and photos)
Day 14: InDesign project due; share layout with class for critique

Week 4: Copy and photography

Day 15: Examine sample body copy from award-winning yearbooks and discuss; take notes on writing body copy; Homework: Read the yearbook chapter from Bobby Hawthorne’s The Radical Write and brainstorm angle for body copy on summer vacation.
Day 16: Discuss chapter and angles; work on writing copy
Day 17: Peer revision of body copy
Day 18: Body copy due; notes on headlines and captions; Homework: Write captions
Day 19: Learn the photography basics and rules of photo composition

Week 5-6: Photography and wrap-up

Day 20: Editors teach staff how to use cameras; students take cameras in groups to practice photography in different locations in the school
Day 21: Learn how to load digital pictures onto the network and to use Photoshop
Day 22: Photography assignment: determine an angle and create a spread complete with copy and photos
Day 23-26: Work on project
Day 27: Yearbook unit test
Day 28-30: New staffers brainstorm an angle and create a sidebar for the People section as their first real assignment.

These last days are flexible, because I usually end up spending more time on a topic if students need more guidance.

Related document downloads:

Magazine Paste-up Assignment

Paste-up Assignmentt Rubric

{ 11 comments… read them below or add one }

Doran May 26, 2010 at 12:53 pm

I am writing because I have offered to teach yearbook for a local home school co-op and I would like to know if there are any visual powerpoints or anything I can use during class… or handouts? Any and all info that can be passed on would be great!

Reply

Catherine Lawson April 21, 2011 at 7:34 am

Thank you so very much! This is an amazing and generous amount of information you have provided. I will be teaching yearbook for the first time next year, and the effort you made here has just provided me with an encouraging amount of hope.

Thanks!

Cathy

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Amanda July 10, 2011 at 4:34 pm

Thank you very much for this post!!!! You started off this post with my exact thoughts. This is my first year teaching EVER, and they would like me to teach 1 block of yearbook. I will definitely take your advice and refer back to this post often in the next few weeks as I begin preparing for something that is totally foreign to me. I love the challenge but certainly want to look knowledgeable in front of the students.

Thanks again!

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Tim August 3, 2011 at 11:44 pm

I wish I would have seen this post before last year! Your situation sounds a lot like mine, yet my first year of yearbook didn’t start off as well or finish as well for that matter. Keep up the good work, and thank you for the encouragement!

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jeny Martin February 7, 2012 at 3:09 pm

I found your site as I was researching on how to teach yearbook. I am teaching yearbook to the jr/sr high levels in my homeschool co-op. My only experience is my senior year of high school when I was on the yearbook staff at my private school, and I as an English major in college. I’m thrilled with the content of this post and even more looking forward to working with these kids. Thank you!!

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Nancy August 26, 2012 at 2:50 pm

What a great site! Thank you. I just learned I will be teaching Yearbook. I have never taught yearbook or journalism. I am very lost. Could you send me any and all suggestions, handouts, vocabulary and book titles I may read. I do not have computers yet, but I am told they are on the way. The closet was full of out of date cameras, so I may be asking the students to use their phones until I write a grant.

As you can see, I am desperate. Any help is appreciated.

Reply

Elizabeth Braden August 27, 2012 at 8:54 am

Hi Nancy, Please make sure you click on the New Adviser Primer at the top of our home page. It has lots of great information for getting started and what you need to know. Also, ask your yearbook sales representative for The Yearbook Suite, Walsworth’s curriculum guide. It’s full of great teaching material. Good luck, and let us know if you have any questions.

Reply

Angienell Davenport December 26, 2012 at 8:39 am

Hi
I am supposed to teach yearbook next semester. This is the second semester. This is so late in the year and I need help. This so new to me. The article is a great start. Whatelse do I need. To get myself ready?

Reply

Elizabeth Braden December 26, 2012 at 9:18 am

Hi Angienell,
Go to the New Adviser Primer on our website and check to see what you have already completed and what you still need to do. Then, if you go into the Idea File section of our website, look on the right and you will see a number of categories of yearbook topics. You might start there to find what you need. Don’t forget to click on the column link above the categories links, as some of the columns are very useful too. Good luck.

Reply

Tyler Cross May 14, 2013 at 4:38 pm

Thank you for this… I just got hired to teach yearbook in the 2013-2014 school year and I am a tad bit nervous. I was an active participant in yearbook when I was in high school, but I feel as if looking at it from the teacher perspective will truly show me a whole new world! This is definitely a great start for me! I can not thank you enough!

Reply

Elizabeth Braden May 15, 2013 at 7:48 am

Hi Tyler,
Make sure you check out our New Adviser Primer on the website. If you are inheriting a staff that has been selected for 2013-2014, take them to a summer workshop. You also might consider attending our Adviser Academy in Kansas City in July. It will get you off to a great start. Go to the home page at walsworthyearbooks.com, and click on the Adviser Academy banner at the top, and the Workshop Central banner just below it on the right. You can do a search in the upper left for the Primer. I hope these help, and good luck!

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